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Wine Facts

What is the optimum temperature for serving white wine?

You want to serve white wine between 50 and 55°, the perfect temperature is the temperature that you like it! Even with ice 🙂

The term bouquet refers to the scent of the grapes?

False, The term bouquet refers to the total scent of the wine not just the grapes.

When drinking a red wine why do you typically want to pair it with red meat?

Because the tannins found in the red wine helps to emulsify the fat found in the red meat and blends all of the flavors together in your mouth.

What is the difference between free-run wine and press-run wine?

Free run wine: the highest quality wine, the wine that is free to run off from the grapes, as though you were just lifting the solids out of the liquid. Press wine: the wine that is actually pressed out of the grapes

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This is a picture of a crystal structure of potassium tartrate (aka cream of tartar) this is a harmless, tasteless crystal that forms in wine, sometimes you will see this in the bottle or on the cork of young fruit-forward wines, typically the fresher vintages have more.

How many pounds of crushed/destemmed red grapes can fit into our new press?

3,000# More red grapes fit in the press because they pack together better due to the skin contact fermentation of the red grapes.

How many pounds of grapes does it take to make a bottle of wine?

Between 2.5 and 3.5 depending on the grape and type of wine.

Why do we have CD's hanging in the vineyard this time of year?

The CD’s are to scare the birds and other animals away from the grapes.

Destemmer cage

What is Veraison?

Veraison is the process when grapes begin to ripen, most notably when red grapes begin to turn from green to red. More information will be coming in the following newsletter.

Why do wine glasses have stems?

Tasters have long insisted on holding the glass by its stem or even by its foot. The idea is to maintain the wine’s temperature.

Which of these smells comes from oak?

Vanilla comes from natural vanillin in oak. Smoke is a result of toasting barrels over fire. The other flavors come from fruit and fermentation.

What are sulfites, and are they bad for you?

Sulfite is a term used to describe sulfur dioxide and other sulfur derivatives.  Sulfites are found in all wines as they are a natural product of fermentation.  Sulfur dioxide is used in wine making to prevent oxidation, kill bacteria and wild yeasts, and encourage quick and clean fermentation.  The U.S. government requires wine labels to include “Contains Sulfites” to alert those who may be allergic to sulfites.  Approximately 1% of the population is allergic to sulfites.

What does the term 'vintage' mean?

The ‘vintage’ year on a wine label is the harvest year of the grapes from which the wine was made.

What does it mean when a wine is 'sweet' or 'dry'?

A sweet wine is one that has a level of residual sugar that gives it sweet taste. A dry wine has no residual sugar and therefore has no indication of sweetness.

What does the term 'terroir' refer to in the wine world?

‘Terroir’ refers to the unique characteristics that each region (geography, geology, and climate) imparts on the grapes, and therefore the wine, grown there.

What is a 'vertical' tasting?

In a vertical tasting, different vintages of the same wine type from the same winery are tasted. This emphasizes differences between various vintages.

What is the ideal temperature to serve white wine?

50-55 degrees, or take out of the refrigerator 20 min. before serving